Modular Execution and VM Landscape 2024

A refreshing overview of the landscape of different execution layers

Fuel Network is an operating system purpose-built for Ethereum rollups, designed to help developers build decentralized economies at scaleLearn more here.


Fraxtal is a new modular L2 with an innovative blockspace incentives program. Learn more here.


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A big part of our modular thesis this year is the need for extremely high TPS blockchains which create a far better user experience, as well as a better dev experience.

You may have heard the terms “altVMs or next-gen VMs” come up on X or in other videos of ours when referring to building L2s/rollups not using EVM.

This brings us to the heart of today’s discussion with Robert Sasu, a core developer for MultiversX with firm opinions about different virtual machines and execution stacks.

We discuss the MoveVM, SpaceVM, Web Assembly/Wasm, Solana VM, Linux-based VMs and more. We asked Robert how they stack up with each other when it comes to solving current scalability challenges. The goal for today is to provide insights into where we think the Ethereum scaling landscape is headed, as well as the broader modular ecosystem.

Join us for an overview of the execution layer landscape in 2024 and understand why this is a core part of our thesis.

The Rollup

🙌 Together with:

ConnextBuild Web3 applications that can securely interact with users, tokens, and other applications on any chain – just like on the web. Learn more here.


Jumper Exchange A truly multi-chain exchange. Aggregating the best in the business for bridging, swapping, and onrampingLearn more here.


Cartesi is an application-specific rollup protocol with a Linux runtime. Scaling Computation. Transcending EVM Limitations. Learn more here.


Disclaimer: Please be aware that investing in cryptocurrency and DeFi platforms involves risks like technical glitches and human errors. We may receive commissions for featuring certain projects, which will be clearly noted. Our content is educational only and not financial advice; we are not licensed advisors.



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